International Frequently Asked Questions
In some situations, an ITIN is required in order to claim the benefits of an income tax treaty between the United States (US) and your tax residence country.
The ITIN is used by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to identify your individual tax account. This number allows the IRS to match your annual income tax return with the tax statement issued by Indiana University (IU) which reports the taxable income you were paid and the amount of income taxes withheld.
The IRS and IU have an agreement by which IU can assist you in the application process on behalf of the IRS. This allows the process to be more convenient for you and reduces the burden of certifications on the IRS.
IU is unable to assist you with any other personal tax situations, such as filing your income tax return or responding to inquiries from the IRS or Indiana Department of Revenue. IU is only permitted to work with the IRS on your behalf with respect to the ITIN application accepted and submitted by IU.
Yes, the IRS procedures require you to have an interview with the certifying acceptance agent. IU in this case. You will be required to submit your passport for review at the interview.
Another member of the IU Tax Department will review the documentation for accuracy and sign the final letter for submission to the IRS. The review will take 1 week (after the interview) before the application is mailed to the IRS office in Texas.
The IRS indicates that the application process can take between 8 and 10 weeks before the ITIN is issued. IU will automatically contact the IRS if the ITIN has not been received within 8 weeks of submission.
If the IRS rejects an application, they will mail it back to the acceptance agent (IU) with the reasons why it was rejected. If the rejection is related to an administrative error, IU can correct the error and resubmit the application for a second review.
IU will work with the IRS to resolve the issue. IU will contact you if it is determined that more information from you is necessary to resolve the issue.
The IRS will send a letter with the ITIN to the acceptance agent (IU). The IRS will send a letter with the ITIN to you at the address on your application. Keep the ITIN in a safe place with other important and sensitive documents.
IU Tax Department at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 812.856.5424
The Tax Department will enter the ITIN in the appropriate university system without any additional action by you. The number will appear on tax statements issued by the university to you and to the IRS and Indiana Department of Revenue.
If you are eligible to receive tax treaty benefits for Scholarship/Fellowship income, the Tax Department will require you to complete a W8BEN containing your new ITIN and the claim for treaty benefits. The Tax Department will notify you if this is required.
The ITIN is issued to individuals that are not eligible for a Social Security Number (SSN) but have a tax return filing requirement or are claiming tax treaty benefits. Once you have a job, you are required to apply for an SSN.
Generally, the SSN is issued by the Social Security Administration to individuals that have a job so they can determine eligibility for Social Security benefits. You must stop using your ITIN when you become eligible for an SSN. You must apply for an SSN promptly.
Social Security pays benefits for retirement, disability, survivors, and Medicare. These provide medical coverage to eligible individuals or their family members.
- Visit Understanding social security benefits for more information.
In order for an individual to be exempt from FICA tax withholding under section 3121(b)(19), the individual must be; (a) a nonresident alien, (b) present in the U.S. under an F, J, M, OR Q via, and (c) performing services in accordance with the primary purpose of the visa's issuance.
The spouse and children dependents of the primary visaholder (normally holding an F-2, J-2, M-2, or Q-2 visa) are not eligible for the section 3121(b)(19) exemption because the purpose for their visit to the U.S. is to accompany the primary visaholder, not to work.
Whether or not nonresident aliens are exempt from paying social security tax depends on what type of visa they have and how long they have been in the U.S. Generally, F-1, J-1, M-1, and Q-1 visa holders are exempt from paying social security tax. Students on one of these visas may be exempt for up to five calendar years. Scholars (Professors/Researchers) on one of these visas can be exempt for up to two calendar years.
H-1 visa holders must pay social security tax. J-2 and F-2 visa holders are the spouses of the J-1 and F-1 visa holders. They also must pay social security tax IF they are authorized to work (check with International Services).
Nonresident aliens should notify the payroll department when changing visa types or when receiving permanent resident status.
See Form Flowchart page.